- GeoRef, Copyright 2004, American Geological Institute.
Prominent horizons of concretionary flint in the chalk formations of Europe typically represent silicified burrow systems. Ichnologic information may be preserved in three dimensions or two dimensions, representing the surface expression of ghost structures silicified within the flint. Thalassinoides suevicus is the most commonly silicified trace fossil in chalk, generally preserved as a replacement of the burrow fill. Bathichnus paramoudrae typically is unsilicified but is encircled by ring-like paramoudra flints. Other trace fossils (e.g., Chondrites, Muensteria and Zoophycos) occasionally occur in flints. Thus, flints can be employed as a means for observing the nearly invisible ichnofabric of the chalk in which the concretions formed.--Modified journal abstract.